In order to make sure your plants are healthy and growing at their fullest potential, it helps to know what nutrients, many of which come from the soil you plant them in. Soil contains 13 mineral nutrients (macronutrients and micronutrients), which are dissolved in water and absorbed through your plant’s roots. Now, there aren’t always a sufficient amount of these nutrients in the soil for a plant to thrive, which is why many gardeners use fertilizers to add the nutrients to the soil. Here is a list of the main nutrients soil provides and how they benefit your plants.
Mineral Nutrients in Soil that Plants Need
- Nitrogen (N): Nitrogen is a part of all living cells and is a necessary part of all proteins, enzymes and metabolic processes involved in the synthesis and transfer of energy.Nitrogen is a part of chlorophyll, the green pigment of the plant that is responsible for photosynthesis. It aids plants in rapid growth, increasing seed and fruit production and improving the quality of leaf and forage crops. Nitrogen often comes from fertilizer application and from the air.
- Phosphorus (P): Like nitrogen, phosphorus is needed for photosynthesis. It is involved in forming all oils, sugars, starches, etc.Phosphorus helps with the transformation of solar energy into chemical energy, proper plant maturation, and surviving stress.It also effects rapid growth and encourages blooming and root growth. Phosphorus often comes from fertilizer, bone meal, and superphosphate.
- Potassium (K): Potassium is absorbed by plants in larger portions than any other mineral element other than nitrogen and calcium. It helps build protein, aids in photosynthesis, improves fruit quality and reduces diseases.Potassium comes from soil minerals, organic materials, and fertilizer.
- Calcium (Ca): Calcium offers normal transport and retention of other elements as well as strength in the plant. It may also reduce the effect of alkali salts and organic acids in a plant. The sources of calcium include dolomitic lime, gypsum, and superphosphate.
- Magnesium (Mg): Magnesium is also part of the chlorophyll in green plants and necessary for photosynthesis. It helps activate many plant enzymes needed for growth.Soil minerals, organic material, fertilizers, and dolomitic limestone are sources of magnesium for plants.
- Sulfur (S): Plants need sulfur for the production of protein.Sulfur promotes activity and development of enzymes and vitamins, aids in chlorophyll formation, improves root growth and seed production, and helps with plant growth and endurance to cold.Rainwater can provide soil with sulfur.
- Boron (B): Helps in the use of nutrients and regulates other nutrients. It helps produce sugar and carbohydrates and is essential for seed and fruit development. Boron can be found in organic matter and borax.
- Copper (Cu): Copper is very important for reproductive growth. It helps with root metabolism and the utilization of proteins.
- Chloride (Cl): Chloride aids plant metabolism.
- Iron (Fe): Iron is essential for the formation of chlorophyll and comes from the soil, iron sulfate, iron chelate.
- Manganese (Mn): This nutrient works with enzyme systems in the breakdown of carbohydrates and nitrogen metabolism.
- Molybdenum (Mo): Molybdenum aids in the use of nitrogen
- Zinc (Zn): Zinc is essential for the transformation of carbohydrates and regulates the consumption of sugars.It is also part of the enzyme systems, which regulate plant growth. Zinc can be found in soil, zinc oxide, zinc sulfate, zinc chelate.
With all of these nutrients, your plants are able to thrive, but with the help of Pure Green Thumb, your plants will be healthier than ever before! Pure Green Thumb is the best and safest way to naturally prevent bugs and mildew problems while simultaneously benefiting your foliage. It’s also a beneficial foliage feed, designed for use in all stages of growth.