You can avoid disease by buying plants that are free of disease, using pasteurized potting soil when re-potting plants and spraying your plants with a fungicide and insecticide, like Pure 3-Way or Kapow. Even after taking preventive measures, it’s still possible to run into some conditions that may affect your plants. Be sure to check your houseplants for symptoms of disease every so often – the earlier you spot a problem, the earlier you can begin treatment to prevent any further damage or even plant death.
Common Indoor Plant Diseases
Wilting leaves and stems may be the result of root rot or stem rot, a fungal disease caused by Sclerotinia, Phytophthora, Rhizoctonia, Alternaria, Botrytis and Pythium. This disease infects leaves and stems of houseplants, causing them to have yellowing or leaf loss on the lower leaves. Cool, moist soil can lead to fungal growth. Plant crowding, inadequate light conditions, over-watering and inadequate soil drainage can also lead to the development of root rot. You can avoid rot by using sterile soil and sterilized pots for your indoor plant and try not to over-water it. If you see signs of infection, just cut out the infected root and re-plant the healthy part of the plant in sterilized soil.
Anthracnose is a fungal disease that is brought on by Geoeosporium and Colletrotrichum. Symptoms of this include yellowing of leaf tips, which progressively change to tan and dark brown. The plant may eventually lose all of its leaves but continue to grow leaves. You can treat anthracnose by removing infected leaves and avoiding getting the leaves of the houseplant wet since the fungi that cause the disease love moist conditions. Once you remove the infected leaves, use Pure 3-Way or Kapow to ensure the disease doesn’t come back.
Oidium is a species of fungus that leads to powdery mildew, which causes powder-like white growths or brown spots on leaves. The infection is typically caused by the airborne spores or fungi that survive in dead plant materials. The best way to avoid powdery mildew is to maintain proper air circulation, don’t over-water and avoid high humidity. And, of course, be sure to remove infected leaves and proceed to spray your plant with Pure 3-Way or Kapow.
Insects, such as aphids or mites, produce a sticky, shiny substance called honeydew, which will appear on your plant if it becomes infested. If your plant is infected, honeydew will be found on the upper surface of the leaves. You may also find speckled or mottled leaves. The most effective way to detect the insects on your foliage is to a magnifying glass. To kill the bugs and ensure they don’t return, spray your plant with either Pure 3-Way or Kapow. These products are incredibly effective and, because they use all-natural ingredients, they keep the environment and your loved ones safe. Make sure you prune badly infested branches or, when all else fails, throw the plant away so that you don’t expose your other indoor plants to invading pests.