Soil is responsible for supplying support and nutrients for your plants, but not every plant is going to react well to the same types of soil. When classifying types of soil, scientists rely on soil structure, texture and composition, rather than just pH level and color. Here are the different types of soil so that you can determine which is best to ensure your plants are getting the proper nutrients they need for their growth.
Choosing the Right Soil for Your Plants
Sandy Soil: Sandy soils contain large particles of sand rather than silt or clay. It’s dry and won’t hold the nutrients some plants need to reach their full growth potential. The looseness of the soil keeps it from holding moisture for very long and provides good air circulation. Because of these things, moisture-related damage, like root rot, can be more easily avoided. For plants that are stunted, mix a little compost in the sand to help retain moisture.
Clay Soil: Clay soils are more effective soils for retaining moisture because they have smaller concentration of sand. In dry climates, clay soil hardens and it’s hard to penetrate. When wet, clay soil either slick or sticky. Clay soil is dense and free of air pockets, which helps hold in water but really limits drainage, so plants that need high air circulation. Annuals are typically better plants for this soil, rather than perennial plants.
Silt Soils: Silt is high in nutrients and found in many soils. Soils with particularly high silt content are more easily compacted under pressure, drain easily, have good air circulation and have moisture retention for proper plant growth. Most plants do well in silt soils.
Peat Soil: Peat is an organic material that’s made from partially decayed organic vegetable or plant matter. It’s typically found near wetlands and swamps where the high moisture content promotes decay. Many peat soils lack oxygen and are high in acidity, which are both factors that can stunt growth of plants that require nutrient-rich soils. Plants with a high tolerance for moisture and acidity are the best plants for peat soil.
In addition to finding the right soil to ensure the best growth for your plants, it’s important to make sure they are also safe from bugs and fungus. To save your plants from these issues, fungicides and insecticides, like Pure 3-Way, which have all-natural ingredients, are the perfect solution.